Forging is one of the oldest known metalworking processes. Traditionally, forging was performed by a smith using hammer. The smithy or forge has evolved over centuries to become a facility with engineered processes, production equipment, tooling, raw materials and products to meet the demands of modern industry.

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Forging can produce a piece that is stronger than an equivalent cast or machined part. As the metal is shaped during the forging process, its internal grain deforms to follow the general shape of the part. As a result, the grain is continuous throughout the part, giving rise to a piece with improved strength characteristics.

Some metals may be forged cold, however steel is almost always hot forged. Production forging involves significant capital expenditure for machinery, tooling, facilities and personnel. In the case of hot forging, a high temperature furnace (sometimes referred to as the forge) will be required to heat ingots or billets. Orr's forging operations require the use of metal-forming dies, which must be precisely machined and carefully heat treated to correctly shape the part, as well as to withstand the tremendous forces involved.


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